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Ramadan 2013 in Dubai and UAE

Ramadan 2013 in Dubai and UAERamadan in 2013 will start on Tuesday, the 9th of July and will continue for 30 days until Wednesday, the 7th of August. Based on sightability in the Emirati, in 2013 ramadan will start in UAE on Wednesday, the 10th of July, astronomically corresponding to Ramadan 01, 1434 H, a day later according to the Sharjah Planetarium, .
Eid Al Fitr will be on Friday August 9th. In 2012 it was from July 20th until August 18th. First half of the Holy Month of Ramadan will witness a rise in temperature, which will reach 46 degree Celsius, according to the Supervisor of Sharjah Planetarium.

Muslims believe ramadan is an auspicious month, being the month in which the first verses of the Qur’an were revealed to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. The word ramadan is derived from an Arabic root R-M-Ḍ denoting intense heat, scorched ground and shortness of rations.

The Islamic calendar, Muslim calendar or Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar (for that reason not synchronized with the seasons) consisting of 12 lunar months in a (solar) year with 354 or 355 days, having so an annual drift of 10 or 11 days. the seasonal relation repeats about every 33 Islamic years. This difference means also ramadan moves in the Gregorian calendar approximately 11 days per year. The starting date of ramadan may also vary from country to country depending on whether the moon has been sighted or not. Cause of the moon sightability, for example, in North America ramadan 2012 is starting in North America a day later – on Saturday, the 21st of July.
Those dates are based on astronomical calculations and not on the actual sighting of the moon with the naked eyes.

Sawm (in arabic: صوم‎) is the word for fasting, abstaining from eating, drinking (including water), having sex and everything against Islamic law (Ithm). The observance of sawm during the ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.

According to the Muslim tradition, a holiday begins on the sunset of the previous day, so observing Muslims are celebrating ramadan on the sunset of Thursday, the 19th of July 2012.

The Hijri months are named as follows in Arabic:
Muḥarram — المحرّم, “forbidden” — so called because it was unlawful (haram) to fight during this month; it is the second most sacred Muslim month and includes the Day of Ashura.
Ṣafar — صفر, “void” — so named because pagan Arabs looted during this month and left the houses empty.
Rabīʿ I (Rabīʿ al-Awwal) — ربيع الأوّل, “the first spring”.
Rabīʿ II (Rabīʿ ath-Thānī or Rabīʿ al-Ākhir) — ربيع الثاني or ربيع الآخر, “the second (or last) spring”.
Jumādā I (Jumādā al-Ūlā) — جمادى الأولى, “the first month of parched land”. Considered the pre-Islamic “summer”.
Jumādā II (Jumādā ath-Thāniya or Jumādā al-Ākhira) — جمادى الثانية or جمادى الآخرة, “the second (or last) month of parched land”.
Rajab — رجب, “respect” or “honor”. This is another sacred month, during which fighting was traditionally forbidden.
Shaʿbān — شعبان, “scattered”, reminding the time of year when Arab tribes dispersed searching for water.
Ramaḍān — رمضان, “scorched”. the most venerated month of the Hijri calendar, during which Muslims fast between dawn and sunset.
Shawwāl — شوّال, “raised”, as she-camels begin to raise their tails during this time of the year, after giving birth.
Dhū al-Qaʿda — ذو القعدة, “the one of truce”. Dhu al-Qa’da was another month during which war was banned.
Dhū al-Ḥijja — ذو الحجّة, “the one of pilgrimage”, referring to the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, the Hajj.

Ramadan 2013 in Dubai and UAE

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