Eid-al-Fitr (in Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr) is the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal. The last day of the Holy Month of Ramadan is set to be July 16th 2015, when the new moon sighting indicates breaking of the fast. This date it may change in other islamic countries, just because of the moon sighting.
Eid ul-Fitr is a three day celebration (public offices and most of private organizations are going to be closed from Friday 17th to Sunday 19th) and is sometimes also known as the “Smaller Eid” (Arabic: العيد الصغير al-‘īdu ṣ-ṣaghīr) as compared to the Eid ul-Adha that lasts four days and is called the “Greater Eid” (Arabic: العيد الكبير al-‘īdu l-kabīr). Common greetings during this Eid ul-Fitr are the Arabic greeting ‘Īd mubārak (“Blessed Eid”) or ‘Īd sa‘īd (“Happy Eid”).
Muslims are commanded by the Qur’an to complete their fast on the last day of Ramadan and then recite the Takbir prayer all throughout the period of Eid.The fasting period observed Holy month of Ramadan hard proved metabolism. We do recommand not to exceed with the food in this period, specially in first days after Ramadan, to let the body accustoms again to the usual feeding. As you know the iftar (Arabic: إفطار ifṭār “Breakfast”), refers to the evening meal when Muslims end their fast at the time of sunset, right at the time of adhan Maghrib prayer in Sunni (mustahib) and after the maghrib prayer in Shia, during the Islamic month of Ramadan.
Traditionally but not mandatory, three dates are eaten to break the fast in emulation of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, who broke his fast in this manner. To eat dates also helps not to attack the food, after a whole day fasting, and it is something we suggest not only during the ramadan. It’s common use also to offer dates to friends and guests at the break of the fasting.
eat dates in odd numbers! The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to eat odd number of dates.
Sahih Bukhari~ Volume 2, Book 15, Number 73:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah’s Apostle never proceeded (for the prayer) on the Day of ‘Id-ul-Fitr unless he had eaten some dates. Anas also narrated: The Prophet used to eat odd number of dates.
It’s common tradition to eat/offer an odd number of dates.